conservation, Illustration, Interviews

Interview with Australian Wildlife Artist, Ronelle Reid

I am so excited to interview fellow wildlife artist, Ronelle Reid, who hales from Australia. Ronelle’s work touches a cord in my heart, as she often paints wildlife living a precarious existence, and she is not afraid to paint some of the rarer and more unusual species. Ronelle has even painted some of our own iconic New Zealand native species. I was delighted when Ronelle took time away from her amazing paintings to talk to us.

© Ronelle Reid

What is your background?

I wanted to be an artist from a very young age, I was determined and very focused all the way through university. But I found my passion wasn’t paying the bills and I didn’t have any experience running a business so I got a job working in animal welfare, I worked for RSPCA for 20 years, quietly continuing to make art in the background. In 2020 I made the jump to focus on my art full time again. 

Why did you decide to become an artist?

I can’t really remember what made me decide to be an artist. I was 6 and my dad bought me a little oil painting kit and I painted the tree in the backyard. I remember being very competitive with my older sister at drawing horses as well. It was just always what I was going to be. I never went through a fireman, doctor, princess stage.

What inspired your wildlife artwork?

I have always been fascinated by nature in all of its majesties. When I was in university I was focused on the museum environment and how natural history is portrayed in museums. It was very scientific and cold. Then I worked in animal welfare and saw first-hand the impacts on animals from habitat loss and human impact. My work soon followed that path trying to draw attention to the balance of ecosystems in a quirky way. 

© Ronelle Reid

What media/techniques do you use and what is your art process?

I am a pretty traditional artist. I prefer a solid surface so use birch wood panels. I use oil paint, watercolour pencils and ink in various combinations to get my work on the boards. I paint with tiny brushes and take way too long to make every piece. 

© Ronelle Reid

Do you work from photos or life?

I like to go out and do sketches from life, take lots of photos and then when I am back in the studio I work from a combination of those parts. Often my animals need to move around other animals that they are not normally living with so I need to use a bit of ingenuity to make the magic happen. 

© Ronelle Reid

What was your most challenging artwork and which is your favourite and why?

That is a hard question. The most challenging and hardest is usually the one I am working on at the time. I like to challenge myself so learning new anatomy can be a challenge for me. I recently painted my first pangolin, I had to use reference images as I haven’t met one personally and the bottoms of their feet are totally flat!

What advice or tips can you give to other artists?

Believe in yourself. No one can do what you do and if you stick at it you will become an expert doing your art. If you believe in what you do, it is easy for other people to believe in you as well and buy your magic. 

© Ronelle Reid

What creative project are you working on at the moment?

I always have a few things going at the same time, I am working on a watercolour work of bilbies for the Save the Bilby Fund, a few postcards for an exhibition in New Zealand and a large scale oil painting of a nautilus. 

What is your favourite animal and plant and why?

My spirit animal is the octopus. I love how alien they are, so different to everything else, adaptable and intelligent. As for plants, I love to surround myself with ferns. I think they take me back to a more primitive time when dinosaurs walked the earth. 

If you were stranded on a desert island, and you could only take your most necessary art materials, what would they be?

A sketchbook and I could make charcoal, so I would be set. 

What is your greatest challenge as an artist?

The same as everyone else – making the ends meet. Coming from a nice fortnightly paycheck to sporadic income is difficult but I am making it work. 

© Ronelle Reid

How do you stay motivated, productive and disciplined?

I have always had a really good work ethic with all things I do. I treat it like a job, start at 5 am and going to work. The part I have a problem with is switching off. I find stopping making art and taking a day off the hardest thing to do. I always am making art – everywhere I go, even when I go away. 

What is the biggest challenge in selling your work and where do you sell it?

My work always has a complicated story behind it – a conversation I have with the animals I depict. Sometimes I find I get too immersed in that story and forget to tell people they are actually for sale. I have found that a mixture of online galleries and physical gallery spaces is working for me. 

What are your thoughts about using social media to expose your work?

I like social media as a platform to create a portfolio of your work and to give a look into the background work that goes into making it; but it is a time sucker if you let it. I try to have an idea of what posts I am doing a month ahead ( it doesn’t always work that way)!

Do you have any social media links you would like to share with our readers?

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ronellereidart

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RonelleReidART

Do you have any hobbies when you are not making artwork?

 I don’t have much time for hobbies these days, but I love spending time with my two dogs. Grace and Elwood are Basset Hounds. I often bake cookies for them. 

If we return to being stranded on a desert island, please share your favourite book, movie, food and music, if you could take these with you.

  • Book – would be a reference book like ‘The Origin of Species’ by Charles Darwin.
  • Movie – ‘Rosencrantz and Gildenstern are dead’.
  • Food – corn – in all of its many and varied options.
  • Music – that is a hard one. I listen to so many different types of music, but if I had to choose one to take with me, maybe Blondie or the Pixies. 

Thank you for spending this time with us, Ronelle. It has been fascinating getting to know you and learn about your passion for wildlife and painting.

Please head over to Ronelle’s website to see more of her incredible artwork and read more of her story.

Website: https://www.ronellereid.com/

Interviews

Interview with Kiwi artist, Vicky Holloway (of Squibble Design)

I am delighted to interview fellow Kiwi artist, Vicky Holloway.
I am so inspired by your work (the variety and sheer quantity) and enjoy seeing your Instagram posts.

What is your background?

I always start with raw umber, but recently I have added some Payne’s grey and sap green.
But on a serious note, I have been drawing all my life and have always loved drawing and animation. I only really started painting in the last five or six years, after taking some oil painting lessons.

©Vicky Holloway, Squibble Design

Why did you decide to become an artist?

I did not really decide to become an artist. It is just something that I have always done. I do remember painting a really nice ladybird when I was about six and I remember thinking that I enjoyed the process so much that I would like to be an artist when I grew up.
I had been creating art part-time since 2003 and working on designs for my online store since about 2009 but took the opportunity in 2018 to become a full-time artist after losing my day job.

I know you sell on Society6 and Redbubble and have a store on your website.

What inspires your work?

Nature is my biggest inspiration. I love researching and finding out about new and interesting plants and animals. I am also interested in history, and this often plays a part in my research process.

We are a lot alike there, I think. In fact, it was seeing your Victorian Animal WIP (work in progress) photos on Instagram that attracted me to your work.

What is your art process?

My process always starts with research. I gather as much information as I can about the subject and learn as much as possible while also gathering references. Then I do a series of sketches, which helps me work through any unexpected difficulties and helps with nailing down a pose or a setting for the character.

What media/techniques do you use?

I love oil painting, watercolours, alcohol markers, and digital painting. I am also learning a little bit about coloured pencil illustration, and I have been incorporating coloured pencils into my marker and watercolour illustrations for extra texture.

You also make unique jewellery pieces. Please tell us about those.

I love kawaii character design and I enjoy making jewellery designs inspired by Japanese street fashion with a kiwiana twist. This year however, I am focussing on my painting and illustration projects, so I am cutting down on the amount of hand-sculpted jewellery I will be making.

Do you work from photos or life?

I try to do both. I prefer to work from life but unfortunately if you are trying to paint a subject such as Binturong this is not possible here in New Zealand!
I am a member of our local zoo and this means I can go as often as I like! I am looking forward to going more often over the summer so I can practice drawing animals from life.

Animals are not always co-operative when drawing them, and there are so many incredible creatures and plants from other parts of the world too. I feel I need several lifetimes to paint all the species I wish to.

What was your most challenging art-work and which is your favourite and why?

To date I would say that my ‘Mr Weka’ painting has been one of the most challenging because it had the most background detail out of all the Victorian Animal paintings. However, many of the paintings in the series had so much detail, right down to the individual strands of lace in Mrs Greyhound’s collar. I think they were all challenging in their own ways!
I cannot pick an absolute favourite, but I would say my top three are Mr Tuatara, Mr Binturong and Mr Weka. Miss Bunny who was the very first painting in the series, is also very special to me.

How do you stay motivated, productive and disciplined?

I get up every day and treat it like my job – which it is! I feel very lucky to be doing what I do, and I do not ever take it for granted.
In more practical terms, I have a planner for my projects and each project is planned out so I know what I need to do for the week, the month and then I can work out where I would like to be by the end of the year. Some smaller projects that I need to complete monthly can be planned about six months ahead. For weekly tasks and live-stream planning, I have a daily planner which allows me to see the week ahead and plan out my days accordingly.

What are your thoughts about using social media to expose your work?

I am in two minds about social media. I love taking photos of my work and sharing behind-the-scenes sneak peeks. I also love seeing everyone else’s work and meeting lovely new artists. It can help you grow and let new people discover your work.
However, at times it seems to be a constant struggle against social media algorithms. It can be very disheartening to know that only a tiny percentage of your followers are seeing your updates.
More recently I have decided to treat social media as a place to direct people, where they can easily see my work and scroll through it as if it were a mini portfolio. This is partly because I feel live streaming works better for me as I can talk to people about my art as I am doing it. They can ask questions and we can learn together. It is a lot of fun!

Many artists find gaining a social media following is difficult. I am so grateful to the people who do follow, like and comment; but for all the work going into posts, the outcome is disproportionate unless you have a large following and if you are in countries like the USA.

Recently you exhibited your Victorian Animal Family series. How did you plan for the exhibition and how did it go? What will you do differently for future exhibitions?

The planning process for the exhibition started about six months into the series. Almost from the very start I was thinking about how I could best exhibit the paintings and what I would have to do to get to the finish line.
The exhibition was at Thistle Hall Gallery here in Wellington, and they were very good about giving me all the information I needed ahead of time. As it is a community gallery, I had to manage the exhibition myself. This meant sitting in the gallery for the whole week with my paintings. I did enjoy this though, and I got to talk lots of people about my work! My husband was there to help, and I have done so many art and craft markets in the past that I am used chatting to lots of people all day!
There was still a little bit of a rush at the end to get everything sorted, but because I had planned so carefully the pack in and pack out process went relatively smoothly.

I do not think I would do anything particularly differently for future exhibitions, but I already have a lot of ideas for exhibiting my Opera Moths series!

I am looking forward to seeing the moth series. What I have seen is most tantalising. I love the idea of moths as the protagonists of the series.

If you were stranded on a desert island, and you could only take your most necessary art materials, what would they be?

I have a pack ready to go! I take a little urban sketching case with me almost everywhere which contains pencils, erasers, fine liners, a small Moleskine watercolour sketchbook, and a tiny paint palette as well as a couple of brushes. Most recently I have been testing the Portable Painter Micro, in which I have just three colours – Sennelier Lemon Yellow, Cinereous blue, and M. Graham Terra Rosa. I am enjoying experimenting with this limited palette!

Using a limited palette is very satisfying – one never needs to worry about colours clashing or having too much colour. Do you recommend Sennelier and M. Graham? I have only used Mijello, Schminke, Winsor Newton and Daniel Smith watercolours.

I do! I am still exploring different brands of artist grade watercolours. So far I have enjoyed using Sennelier and M. Graham, I would like to try Daniel Smith at some point as well.

What advice or tips can you give to other artists?

Never give up!

Excellent advice. 😊

What creative project are you working on at the moment?

Currently I am working on my next oil painting series, featuring moths living and working at the Paris Opera House.
I am also working on my long-term Wizard of Oz book illustration project, and an art book for my Victorian Animal Family paintings.

When looking at your work, it is obvious you are an animal lover. What is your favourite animal and plant?

I love cats, especially big cats!

©Vicky Holloway, Squibble Design

I love going for bush walks and seeing our native birds, and I would love to get a better camera so I can take decent reference photos of them! It is extremely hard to pick a favourite New Zealand native bird, but I would have to say the Takahē is at the top of my list.
I like learning about plants, and I take the opportunity to learn a little about each new plant as I create an artwork. Recently I have been learning about the mega-herbs on the sub-Antarctic islands, and I would love to see those one day.

Until you mentioned mega-herbs (a group of herbaceous perennial wildflowers growing in the New Zealand subantarctic islands. They are characterised by their great size, with huge leaves and large and often unusually coloured flowers and survive in the harsh weather conditions on the islands. Thanks, Wikipedia!), I had never heard of them. They sound amazing and it would be fascinating to see those.

Thank you, Vicky, for sharing your fascinating art journey. Where can our readers find you on social media?

https://squibbledesign.com/pages/contact-us
https://squibbledesign.com


Social Media: @SquibbleDesign

conservation, Interviews

Interview with Kiwi herpetologist, Carey Knox

In today’s blog, I am delighted to share the interview with Carey Knox, a herpetologist (reptile and amphibian researcher) based in Otago.

Hi Carey,

Thank you for your willingness to be interviewed. 

No worries 😊

Generally, I review art products, books and relate my art adventures on my blog, however, I have just started interviewing conservationists, photographers, artists and others who love New Zealand and our flora and fauna.

I enjoy seeing your Instagram posts and can’t wait to share your work with others and hope you will gain a few more followers too. 

I am interested in getting more followers, but only genuine wildlife enthusiasts or photographers. I tend to get a lot of foreigners trying to follow me, some of whom would like to illegally hold our native reptiles as pets. I block them as soon as I see them. I don’t want people (who are only interesting in keeping reptiles as pets in small terrariums) looking at my stuff and thinking that they might like to have this or that NZ lizard as a pet. I advocate for the conservation of wild NZ lizards. I reckon, wherever possible, lizards should be wild and free and not in captivity!

I could not agree more.  What is your background?

I grew up in Fairlie (South Canterbury) on the back doorstep of the Mackenzie Country. As a kid I used to enjoy exploring the mountains, finding lizards, spiders, grasshoppers – as some kids tend to do. I was fit and had good stamina. I used to run up and down mountains jumping over matagouri bushes like a wild goat (still do!). That is where I first learnt to be competent and confident in the outdoors, which definitely helped A LOT with my eventual career path.

When I was 16, I moved to the coast (Oamaru) and then Dunedin at 18 for University. Being next to the coast, I took a strong interest in fishing and marine science, so my obsession switched from ‘high country’ to ‘marine world’. I was a reclusive teenager, not having lots of friends, or fitting in with the “cool kids”. Nature was the one thing that gave me real enjoyment though, so I held onto that, and hung out in nature whenever I could.

What inspired you to become a herpetologist?

I was a C to D student right through high school, not because I wasn’t smart, but because I didn’t enjoy it there, and I felt like I didn’t fit in. I scraped together enough grades somehow to go to Otago University at the age of 20. At University I studied Biology, then Ecology, Marine Science, and Zoology. I still didn’t really know what I wanted to do with my life, only that I liked nature and animals, so it seemed like the logical thing to do. After making some good friends at uni and getting into the party scene the ‘C’ and ‘D’ grades continued. Then, eventually, at the age of around 23, I started to think that I might need to try and make something of myself. So, for the first time in my life, I fully applied myself. I turned the C’s and D’s into A’s and B’s, and after I finished my third year (in about my fifth year!), somehow, I had done ‘enough’ to be invited onto the post-graduate diploma in Wildlife Management course. So, I did that in 2008.

The course was excellent, and I highly recommend it, but like most of conservation in New Zealand it was heavily biased towards birds, with very little lizard content. Hopefully that bias is a little less pronounced these days! Anyway, it was during this course, back in 2008, when the lizard obsession started. We had to do a 6-week placement project with a community group or conservation organisation. This could be done anywhere in NZ, or even overseas, and my dozen or so other classmates were going off all over the place to work on various things – mostly rather dull things, like birds or marine mammals, of course 😉. I wanted to stay in Dunedin –because I was about to get married, to a lovely girl named Michelle, who is still my wife and the mother of my three children. Therefore, I was looking for a project local to Dunedin. The only opportunity was a project on jewelled gecko (Naultinus gemmeus) with a community group on Otago Peninsula (Save The Otago Peninsula Inc. Soc.) – who wanted more information on the gecko population they were trying to look after.

I went out to Otago Peninsula with a Masters student (who had just completed a thesis on jewelled geckos) and a local guy who did surveys in his own time (who ironically would later become my mums’ partner!). Alf and Rosi taught me how to spot and photograph jewelled geckos in the shrubs. At this point, I still hadn’t quite caught the lizard bug, but my level of interest was growing! The lizard obsession really took hold when I went out on my own and found a previously unknown population on an area of farmland. When you are going through University you have this idea in your head that almost everything is already known and has been done before, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. With New Zealand lizards, we still know very little, and the time of discovery is really ‘here and now’. For example, eight new lizard species have been discovered in the last 10 years! Back to the story…. After the thrill of spotting this jewelled gecko at a new site, I captured the gecko to obtain a photograph of the dorsal patterns on it (jewelled geckos are able to be identified to individual level based on their individually unique dorsal patterns). Holding this beautiful bright green gecko in my hands and looking at the bright white diamonds on it, the obsession finally took hold of me and I pretty much knew, from then on, it was lizards all the way! Twelve years later the obsession continues (photo of the gecko on that day in November 2008 below).

BHTO#1, OR the jewelled gecko that began the obsession
©Carey Knox

It is so exciting to hear of the recent discovery of so many lizard species. Hopefully, there will be more discoveries in the future. It is fascinating knowing about the unique patterning of individual jewelled geckos. Does this occur in other lizard species?

­­­­The individually-unique patterning occurs in more than half of our gecko species and also some of our skink species, such as Otago skink. It is incredibly useful for monitoring and it is always fun to reencounter old friends! (i.e. lizards you have seen several times over many years)

What does your job involve?

After finishing my master’s project on jewelled geckos and doing a few short-term lizard-related contracts, I was looking for something more permanent. I always saw myself as working for DOC, but it soon became clear that DOC didn’t really hire full-time herpetologists – especially those just starting out. The only viable option, if I wanted to work on lizards alone, seemed to be going into consultancy work, so that is what I did. By that stage lizards had my full focus, and I wasn’t interested in working on anything else. I have been an ecological consultant specialising on New Zealand lizards for about nine years now. Basically, that means anyone can hire me to do anything on lizards. I remain very flexible and open to possibilities, to enable me to work for a wide range of clients.

Examples of the work I do involve desktop assessments (letting people know what lizards MIGHT be in an area without setting foot in it), field surveys, Lizard Management Plans and AEE’s (Assessment of Environmental Effects) for development projects, monitoring programmes to assess population trends, research projects (including DOC research and assisting students from Otago University), taxonomic work (describing new lizard species), reporting, advice on habitat restoration, and advocacy/public education.

Your work sounds as if it has a lot of variety, which must make each day enjoyable. What inspires your work now?

Currently, the majority of my work is for the Department of Conservation, working on ‘Threatened’ and ‘Data-Deficient’ lizard species, and this is where my real passion is centred. Trying to improve knowledge of cryptic (lizards which look very similar, but genetic studies show they are different and cannot inter-breed) and poorly known species, which often live in harsh, remote places. This work takes me all over the South Island to remote and beautiful, but challenging places up in the mountains and so on.  My survey team have also come across a few species new to science, which is very exciting, of course.

A lot of NZ’s recognised 124 extant lizard taxa (species and probable species that are awaiting scientific description) are quite endangered, or at least thought to be in decline. Many of these species are genuinely rare and are in rather urgent need of a bit of protected habitat or relief from introduced predators. Others we think might be rare, but don’t really know for certain, usually because the species are highly cryptic and/or hard to find. For example, we have skink species which are only found on vertical rock walls in Fiordland and nocturnal geckos that live on rock bluffs above 1,600 metres, but are only detectable on warm nights. You can imagine the difficulties involved in doing a population census!

Through dedicated work over several years, occasionally we discover that a species is not quite as rare as we originally thought. That always gives me a good thrill knowing that my work has improved knowledge of a threatened species, found a new population, or even a new species, or assisted in the formulation of conservation plans. Basically, the rare and poorly known lizard species of the South Island are my core focus, and this is where I feel I have the skills and ability to make a worthwhile difference to this world and leave a mark worth leaving.

It is so important that these mysteries of the lizard world are your focus and hopefully more attention can be drawn to them in the future. I plan to paint some of these rare creatures, and hopefully, our joint efforts will help raise awareness of their existence.

What aspects of your work do you enjoy most?

My job involves walking around in the sun looking for cool lizards, so I can’t really complain. Lizards generally don’t get up very early in the morning too, so I can sleep in! Seriously though, I absolutely love the field work. Once I return from a trip I am already looking forward to (and planning) the next one.

Tautuku gecko (Mokopirirakau “southern forest”), Catlins Forest Park
©Carey Knox

What is your greatest challenge as a herpetologist?

I’d say planning and implementing successful lizard surveys around the fickle weather of the South Island’s alpine zone.  A lot of the rare lizards I am working on are found in the sub-alpine to alpine zone (about 800-1,800 metres above sea level). This is partly because a lot of the rarer lizards have been wiped out of the lowlands (due to historical fires and intensive agricultural practices, as well as introduced predators), putting the final nails in the coffin. Above 800 metres, habitats are generally less modified and more natural than the lowlands, although often far from pristine or original in nature. The lizards stand a better chance up high – if they can tolerate the climate and eek out an existence – which many clearly can, albeit at a very slow pace.

My schedule is constantly changing with the weather. At this time of the year, any one fortnight I could have six jobs in mind and which one I end up doing will depend on the weather forecast in various parts of the South Island. I might have something in the Central Otago mountains, another job in Fiordland, and one in the Catlins. One day I might think that I am going to Wanaka tomorrow, but then the forecast shifts, and I am off to the Catlins instead. I have to go with the flow. Often, I am working weekends and sometimes I might have to do 10 days of field work in a row. I get a break when there is a rainy spell all over the lower South Island. This summer I’ll be doing field work right through the Christmas break. I have to go for it when the weather is good, to get the field work done before the end of summer, especially for the alpine work (which can only be done November to the end of March). It can be tough, but there is a price to pay for all of the fun I suppose.

Wow! It sounds intense.

Please tell us about your photography methods. Do you use any specialist equipment?

Nope, not really. I have a DSLR camera with a 60 mm macro lens. I know the basics of how to adjust the settings to get what I am after. Nothing fancy or complicated. I am not technical or fussy with it. I don’t understand fancy camera lingo and my eyes glaze over when people start talking that way!

Probably, the most important thing that I do have is a good eye for what makes a good photo and, also, crucially, I know exactly how to behave around lizards and how they will behave in response. Thus, I can usually get them in the position I want for a good photo without stressing them out or handling them too much. Generally, I can get several good photos within 5-10 minutes and then leave the lizard in peace. The lizard’s welfare is more important than a good photo, so if you can’t get one quickly, it’s best to move on. Some lizards don’t co-operate, so sometimes it’s best to leave them be! The majority of my photographs are taken whilst I am at work and they are important for documenting what I see. They are also useful for report covers, advocacy, and getting people more interested in our lizards. Like I’ve alluded to elsewhere, NZ lizards have nowhere near the profile of NZ birds, despite them being just as special, unique, and diverse – so I hope that what I do goes someway to redressing the balance.

Nevis skink (Oligosoma toka), Nevis Valley
©Carey Knox

Do you have a story about a photograph that means a lot to you?

So many, but here’s a recent one! A university master’s student and fellow lizard enthusiast, Samuel Purdie, and I were planning on undertaking a survey on DOC land in coastal North Otago, but decided not to go ahead last minute, after being advised by the neighbouring farmer that a bunch of hunters were going in there. Rather than risk being shot, or at least annoying the hunters by scaring away their game, we decided to come back to the site another time and go do something else instead.

We were keen and enthusiastic to get some field work done, the weather was good, and we had all our gear in the truck. We decided at that moment to have a look at a new area within Oteake Conservation Park. The plan was to follow up a report of a “large black skink” that may have been something exciting, like a scree skink (a threatened skink species) or even an alpine rock skink (a new skink discovered in 2018 and only known from Oteake Conservation Park). As it turns out we did not locate whatever the ‘large black skink” was, but we did find something of even greater significance.

We located only the second known site for the southern black-eyed gecko, a new species within the genus Mokopirirakau, only discovered in 2018. After the initial discovery of this species in 2018 a lot of effort was expended the following two summers attempting to locate them at more sites. These surveys covered 17 potential sites but were unsuccessful in locating these geckos. As a result, there was significant and growing concern that the species may be highly endangered. After so many failed searches and endless pondering over where they may or may not occur in various places within the vast mountainous landscapes of North Otago and South Canterbury, the sheer joy and relief of finding this new site was immense. There were lots of grins and high fives between Samuel and me. The photograph below is a great reminder of this unforgettable moment.

Southern black-eyed gecko (Mokopirirakau “southern black-eyed”), Oteake Conservation Park
©Carey Knox

That is a great story and a big win for NZ herpetology.

If you were stranded on a desert island, and you could only take the most necessary equipment, what would it be?

A good torch that I can recharge from a solar panel, so I can go looking for scaly things and creepy crawlies at night!

What do you think are the greatest conservation needs in New Zealand?

Control of introduced predators, but this needs to include ALL mammals including mice, hedgehogs, weasels, feral and domestic cats. If it does not, it may do more harm than good for lizards, as these are all highly significant predators that should not be underestimated. A lot of the predator free goals set by various groups are bird focused and may not benefit lizards at all. 

We are still losing lizard habitats on private farms in the lowlands and forestry blocks. Farmers are still clearing shrubland and burning tussock and lizards alive with it (often with approval and permits from their local council!). Pine trees are being planted right on top of lizard habitats, shading out lizards, and forcing them out of their preferred habitats into areas where the habitat may be less optimal, already occupied by other lizards, and/or they may be eaten by predators. Lizards are only fully safe if on DOC land or other protected land or covenants, and even then, they are usually at risk to introduced predators. 

It is so sad, that even today, there is scant regard for our vulnerable wildlife. Hopefully more people will consider the impact on the environment when planning future projects.

Which reptiles or amphibia do you think need greater exposure?

All of NZ’s endemic lizards really. The fact that we have over 120 probable lizard species. Some species, like jewelled gecko and Otago skink have a reasonably high profile, but these are not the most endangered ones. In particular, I think the small brown-ish, but unique and rare, skink species could do with a higher profile, including: Alborn skink, White-bellied or Rangitata skink, Chesterfield skink, Cobble skink, Whirinaki skink, and Burgan skink. All these species are currently ranked as ‘Threatened-Nationally Critical’ – the highest possible threat ranking, so they can be considered ‘on the brink’.

Another particularly beautiful, but poorly known skink that I am currently working on is the Awakopaka skink (Oligosoma awakopaka) – which is a highly unique, but incredibly cryptic lizard only discovered in 2013 and only known from one site in Fiordland National Park. Only a dozen or so of this species have ever been encountered. I found the second confirmed individual a couple of years after the first was found, which was a massive thrill (pictured below). It was a magic moment locating this animal in alpine scree. Shouts of “yeah baby!” echoed around the surrounding mountains, whilst the kea and rock wren peered over to see what all the fuss was about.

Awakopaka skink (Oligosoma awakopaka), Fiordland National Park
©Carey Knox

I am on a massive learning curve, becoming aware of some of these rare species. I hadn’t heard about several of those ‘small brown-ish’ skink species, so I am thrilled that you have made us aware of them.

What advice or tips can you give people interested in improving the chances of endangered species in New Zealand and around the world?

I’ll concentrate on NZ lizards because obviously that’s my thing! I’d encourage people to go out and see what lizards they can find in their neighbourhood, local bush reserve, beach, or when out tramping; but importantly, to do so in a way that doesn’t overly disturb lizards or their habitats. Report all sightings to DOC or your local herpetologist, so that they can be added into the national database. In particular, please report any lizards seen in remote, alpine areas above 1,300 metres asl.

I’d like to see more conservation groups giving lizards equal treatment to birds and considering them in their conservation planning. Lizards often have different requirements to birds e.g.: they may require non-forested sunny areas to bask or, in order to thrive, they may require control or management of predators that generally aren’t a huge problem for forest birds, like mice and hedgehogs. If you have lizards in your garden, either don’t own a cat, or if you do, consider creating protective retreats for them in your garden and covering basking spots with chicken wire.

If you are keen to see lizards in the wild and learn more about their conservation, volunteer for surveys with DOC or your local herpetologist. Join SRARNZ (Society for Research on Amphibians and Reptiles in New Zealand). Make sure your local council, community group, or landowners are aware of lizards local to your area and how to look after them. Encourage your children to take an interest in lizards, but make sure they are aware that it is illegal to remove them from the wild to keep as a pet and that, just like the kiwi, the wild is where they truly belong.

Are you able to tell us about the project you are currently working on?

I am working on about 20 projects over the next year or so for a range of clients, but over half of my current work is for DOC. This work primarily involves improving knowledge of abundance, distribution, habitat use, detection methods, potential threats, and conservation status for a wide range of ‘At Risk’, ‘Threatened’ and ‘Data Deficient’ lizard species. I am currently working on orange-spotted gecko (Central and West Otago mountains), Tautuku gecko (Catlins), southern black-eyed gecko (Oteake Conservation Park), jewelled gecko (Otago), Otago green skink (Otago), rockhopper, Oteake, alpine rock, and scree skink (all in Oteake Conservation Park), burgan skink (Lammermoor Range), and awakopaka skink (Fiordland National Park). I may also assist with surveys for white bellied skink (Canterbury high country), cascade gecko (South Westland), Okarito gecko (Westland), and Cupola gecko (Nelson Lakes National Park). Needless to say, I am going to be very busy. There are a lot more threatened lizard species in New Zealand than there are dedicated field herpetologists!

Once again, you have named several species of lizards I have never heard of. Clearly, there is a need for more herpetologists.

What is your favourite endangered animal and why?

Currently, my favourite is the southern black-eyed gecko. I was on the field team with fellow herpetologist Tony Jewell when this species was discovered in January 2018. Almost as exciting as initially finding the gecko, was obtaining the genetic results, which proved beyond all doubt that this was a species new to science. Then, again, when we found the second site in November 2020, it was a big thrill. I am looking forward to undertaking further work on this gecko. This gecko ticks all the boxes for me. It lives in highly scenic, remote and difficult to access alpine locations (my version of paradise!), it is cryptic and difficult to locate, requiring dedication and expert skill, little is known about its biology and habitat-use, and it has striking black-eyes and extraordinary galaxy-like spots on its back and sides (a pattern that is not seen in any of the other New Zealand geckos).

The galaxy-like patterns on the back of a southern black-eyed gecko
©Carey Knox

Such an amazing creature! I can see why they are currently your favourite lizard.

Thank you for discussing herpetology and photography with us today. It has been so interesting hearing about the multiple aspects of your work and research. I have really enjoyed learning a lot more about New Zealand’s unique lizards. Do you have any social media links you would like to share with the readers?

Basically, any semi-decent photograph I’ve ever taken of a New Zealand lizard is up on my Flickr page, along with other flora and fauna encountered along the way. There are individual albums for each lizard species, so I like to think that it’s a useful educational resource.

Scoparia rotuella

I also run a Facebook page on NZ lizards, and you can find me on Instagram:

https://www.facebook.com/NZlizards

May you all have a wonderful, relaxing, safe and healthy Christmas, Hannukah and New Year.

In January’s blog, I will be interviewing the Wellington-based artist behind Squibble Design.  Until then…

Illustration

Interview with Kiwi artist, Bella Mary O’Mahony

One serendipitous aspect of the business rebranding process was the realisation that I cannot just rely on others to grow my business. Though support is essential and always grateful received, it is up to me to leave my cosy ‘hobbit hole’ and promote my own work. However, I realised that we are a community, and I can also support others, and promote their work, which is why my blog will now include a new feature: interviews!

I am excited and delighted to interview Kiwi artist, Bella, of Bella Mary O’Mahony Illustration.

Bella Mary O’Mahony

Hi Bella. Thank you for your willingness to share your art journey with our readers.

I was very taken with your realistic depictions of nature in your artwork and have so enjoyed following you on Instagram. I love your delicate botanical watercolour paintings.

What is your background?

I’ve lived in Dunedin most of my life. My mother and older sister are artists, so I grew up surrounded by art, colour, pattern and endless inspiration.

After I left school, I went to art school for a while, dabbled in university and ended up training and working as a hairdresser until the end of 2019.

Why did you decide to become an artist?

I was on maternity leave from hairdressing when my brother asked me to do some drawings for him. I hadn’t done any drawing for a while after dropping out of art school but enjoyed it so much I kept doing it in my spare time once I went back to work at the salon. I started doing more commissions and eventually got to the point where I was getting burnout from keeping up with them all alongside hairdressing and parenting, so made the exciting/scary decision to leave the salon and put all my energy into art.

What inspires your work?

There are specific colours and combinations of those colours that give me no end of inspiration. I love gardening and choosing paint colours for the house and furnishings, I get so much satisfaction in surrounding myself in colours that I adore. I think my paintings are an extension of that. I just want to look at them and have the simple pleasure of admiring a beautiful portrayal of nature in an incredible palette.

What is your greatest challenge as an artist?

My greatest challenge is having so much motivation and excitement to work but being unable to find as much time as I would like whilst also being a busy mum to a 3-year-old!

I really identify with you there. I am not a mum, but I tutor children and I know that two or three lifetimes would not be enough to paint or embroider all my inspirations.

How do you stay motivated, productive and disciplined?

I don’t have too much struggle with that, as I mentioned above. If I had all the time in the world I might but because I have to schedule my time around my busy life I really cherish and look forward to any time I get to paint.

What are your thoughts about using social media to expose your work?

I’m a massive fan! As an awkward introvert, I absolutely embrace sharing my work from the comfort of my home. I’m constantly blown away with the support and real connections you can make on there.

Same here!

If you were stranded on a desert island, and you could only take your most necessary art materials, what would they be?

A notebook and travel watercolour palette.

What advice or tips can you give to other artists?

Enjoy yourself. Don’t let the business side of things take away from the joy of making art. Just follow your enthusiasm and you’ll attract likeminded people.

So true. Good artwork is its own best advertisement.

What creative project are you working on at the moment?

I’m painting some incredible parrot tulips.

I can’t wait to see this painting. It is so beautiful.

If we return to being stranded on a desert island, please share your favourite book, movie, food and music, if you could take these with you.

Book – ‘The Shipping News’ by Annie Proulx

Not a movie but the BBC ‘Pride and Prejudice’ miniseries.

Food – macaroni cheese – I’m a simple girl.

Music – probably something classical like Debussy that wouldn’t get on my nerves too much if I’m going to be stuck there a while.

I have put ‘The Shipping News on my ‘must read’ list (although it will probably be via audiobook while I am painting or sketching).

What is your favourite animal and plant?

Animal – all the birds (is that cheating?)

Nope! Every bird is an amazing inspiration for an artist.

Plant- Hellebore (at this particular moment)

We noticed some really unusual hellebore colours this season. The Christchurch Botanic Gardens has an amazing display of hellebores.

Thank you for sharing a bit about yourself and your work. It has been fantastic chatting to you. Where can we see more of your work, Bella?

https://www.instagram.com/bellamaryomahony

https://www.etsy.com/shop/bellamaryomahony

Please check out Bella’s Instagram profile and follow her.

Check out next month’s blog. I will be interviewing Carey Knox, a herpetologist.

Until next time…